Comedo, or comedones (pl.), is the medical term for certain types of bumps on the skin that are the result of a clogged pore. The pore could be partially or fully blocked, which causes the formation of either a blackhead or a whitehead, respectively.
They are very similar to whiteheads, or what are commonly known as regular zits or spots. When a pore in the skin surface is partially blocked, usually by some kind of material or dirt that has gotten onto the skin. The blockage causes a build up of the oily substance known as sebum that naturally occurs in the body, but is produced excessively during many periods throughout life. Since the blockage is only partial, oxygen is able to get into the pore and oxidizes some of the sebum and the surrounding skin pigment to create a black spot. That is a blackhead.
What happens if you leave a blackhead alone?
Blackheads do not go away on their own. If you do not get rid of them, they might become bigger and leave marks on your skin that look like tiny craters.
Does squeezing a blackhead enlarge/damage a pore or relieve it?
There is always a dilemma – should I squeeze out the blackhead or not? Even though you might prefer squeezing out the sebum and relieving the pressure, don’t! Squeezing might increase the chances of infecting that skin pore or leaving a scar on your skin. Use homemade packs and scrubs to naturally relieve the pressure and remove blackheads.
If you still wish to squeeze out the oil and impurities, please do so under proper guidance or with professional help. Sometimes, the blackheads might be too adamant, and natural methods might not work. Visit a beautician who is trained and can remove the blackheads. If your problem persists, visit a dermatologist.
They are a mild skin condition that comes from a blocked pore on the skin. Sebum, an oil that is naturally produced and secreted through the skin is blocked and collects under the skin. Bacteria on the skin cause an infection within the blockage and a small reddish area with a small whitish bump just under the top layer of skin is created. Hence a “whitehead”. Ie an uninfected pimple.
This small bump of infected skin oil is a way for the skin to contain
and push out the infection naturally and make sure that all of the infection is removed from the body in a natural way. This is known as the whitehead pimple. The surface of the zit, spot or whitehead is slowly stretched, allowing for the zit to burst and the removal of the infected oil is released leaving a small mark behind where the skin can close and heal itself without scarring or further infection. This process is natural and is the body’s own way of dealing with blockages and infections.
Causes of Comodones
The main cause of comedones is the blockage of skin pores. Your skin consists of millions of pores through which hair is grown. Just under the skin, in each pore, can be found a gland called the sebaceous gland, an oil gland.
The sebaceous gland provides the hair and skin nourishment and naturally prevents the hair and skin from drying out by secreting an oily liquid called sebum, which, when secreted normally, does not cause any noticeable skin issues.
However, when sebum is produced in excess, like in times of stress or when hormones are out of balance, build up can occur just under the skin. This condition can be exacerbated when pores are fully or partially blocked by dead skin cells or other substances, like dirt or make up.
Under these conditions the sebum does not have the ability to flow naturally through an open pore. The result is a small pocket of built up oil that causes a small bump on the skin, a comedo.
Hormones & Comedones
The majority of people tend to get comedonal acne most prominently during puberty. In both boys and girls, the hormonal changes going on within the body mean that the sebaceous glands are working overtime, producing an overabundance of the sebum fluid, causing oily skin.
Many teenagers suffer from oily skin and in some of the more extreme cases, where the production of sebum is going into overdrive, the onset of some of the more severe forms of acne may occur. It is wise to seek medical advice at an early age and when the onset of acne first appears. This can reduce the risk of unnecessary scarring that can be caused by acne and its related skin conditions.
Even though it is most common, the teenage years are not he only time that acne can rear its ugly head. Comedonal acne and the causes of it can continue well into adulthood, with most people tapering off the signs of acne at around the age of 25 or so. With hormonal imbalances being the main root causes of the overproduction of sebum from the glands, many treatments for adults are available to choose from to reduce the pain and suffering caused by such lengthy bouts of acne.
Acne and Pregnancy
For many adult women, the onset of acne can occur during pregnancy, this is because the hormonal imbalance that pregnancy brings is sure to kick start the glands into working overtime. This is most prominent in the first three months during pregnancy when hormonal imbalances are triggered as the body adjusts to such dramatic changes.
Luckily, in most women, the imbalance of hormones tends to taper off after the first trimester as the body adjusts to the changes and the hormones are brought back into more normal levels. In some severe cases, unfortunately, pregnancy acne can continue throughout and even after pregnancy. For some, it just takes a while longer for the body to return to normal hormone levels.
Adult Hormonal Acne
As for adults, the sudden onset of acne can be triggered by hormonal imbalances caused by medication and other hormonal disturbing drugs, such as steroid treatments which can have a tremendous effect on the body’s hormone levels. Other medications such as those meant to treat bipolar disorders or depression can have an impact on the hormones.
So if you are suffering from a mild form of acne, or comedones, that is related to these medications, it is wise to seek professional medical advice on how to reduce your risk of developing a more serious form of acne in the future.
Also in adult women, many find that just before menstruation, their skin can become more oily as the hormone changes that occur during their period may cause the onset of a mild comedonal acne outbreak.
Using the recommended methods suggested below are typically all that is needed to aid the skin and help keep any skin condition down to a minimum. Unless, of course, if you regularly suffer from acute acne.
Treatment Options for Comedonal Acne
When it comes to treating comedonal acne, and most other forms of acne for that matter, the severity of the acne will dictate how extensive your treatment plan will need to be. In all cases, though, I recommend a two way approach. One way treats acne from the inside, or systemically. The second way treats acne from the outside, or topically.
Systemic Treatments – Treating Acne from the Inside
For internal treatments, you can’t get much better than the #1 rated ClearPores, a comprehensive acne treatment system that consists of both systemic and topical products. The systemic portion of ClearPores is an herbal supplement that utilizes a combination of natural, high quality herbal extracts that you take in the form of a capsule, a pill. These powerful extracts are formulated to overcome the medical factors that form comedones and other types of acne by decreasing the production of sebum, the main cause of comedonal acne.
By reducing the production of sebum, you are targeting one of the primary causes of your acne. If you don’t incorporate this step in your acne treatment program, all the other treatments and techniques you use are only band-aids. You must treat acne by changing how your body creates it.
If your body is producing an excess amount of sebum, no topical cream or cleansing system if going to stop it. You must reduce the sebum production in order to reduce the build up it causes.
Topical Treatments – Traditional and Effective
The second part of our recommended treatment plan, is to use more traditional acne treatment methods. While the herbal supplement of ClearPores is effective in the long run, it does not clear up acne quickly. There is a period, which can be a couple of month, where your acne will continue to flare up. So, using the following tools and cleansers is an effective way to treat your acne until the ClearPores kicks in. Of course you ought to be using the complete ClearPores system, which includes topical creams and skin cleansers, but it does not include some tools that work immediately.
Also, if you are a sufferer of severe acne ClearPores may not completely clear up your acne. It will however reduce the acne so that the following methods are more effective. With this combination treatment program, you have the best chance to fully rid your skin of irritating and embarrassing acne.
There are specialty soaps and facial scrubs, such as Nanocleanse, as well as specially made comedonal removal tools, like Premium Blackhead & Blemish Remover Kit by Chérir, that can clasp the blocked pore and remove the comedone right away. There is also a huge variety of gentle abrasive sponges and towels, such as a Body Acne Exfoliating Cloth, and shower gels, like Neutrogena Body Clear Body Wash, that are very effective.
Also highly recommended A. C Care Special, combination of Calming skin, A. C Solution and Control Mix specially formulated to solve your skin troubles with refreshing, clear and vibrant skin system.